Gastritis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Treating Gastritis Depends on the Reasons for the Condition Occurring

The term gastritis describes several conditions that all have inflammation of the stomach as a primary symptom. Gastritis can occur suddenly, which is known as acute gastritis, or occur slowly over time, a condition known as chronic gastritis. There are a variety of causes responsible for gastritis developing; determining the reason behind the inflammation is critical in treating the condition.

Symptoms

Though symptoms may vary from person to person, most patients who visit the gastroenterologist in Brooklyn present with:

•Abdominal pain

•Nausea

•Vomiting

•Indigestion

•Belching

•Black, tarry stools

•Feeling of fulness in upper abdomen after eating

•Loss of appetite

•Hiccups

Causes

The inside of the stomach is lined with mucus, which protects the stomach from the potent digestive juices. Various conditions and illnesses can weaken this lining, causing gastritis to occur. Most cases of gastritis that are diagnosed by one of the clinics in Brooklyn are caused by either a bacteria that lives in the lining of the stomach known as Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) or by taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). A backflow of bile into the stomach, various infections, Crohn’s disease and autoimmune problems can also cause the condition to occur.

Diagnosis

The patient’s medical history can help point doctors from the clinics in Brooklyn to a gastritis diagnosis. For example, a history of regularly taking NSAIDS for pain control or a history of alcohol abuse with the symptoms of gastritis may lead to a diagnosis.

Other tests may be used to rule out other conditions or to diagnose the condition. These tests include:

•Blood tests that check for the presence of H. pylori or for anemia.

•Upper endoscopy, which involves the placement of a thin tube with a camera into the upper abdomen via the patient’s mouth. Doctors can look for inflammation and take a tissue biopsy to further investigate the condition during the test.

•Fecal occult blood test, a test that examines the patient’s stool for the presence of blood

Treatment

In order to treat gastritis, the cause of the condition must be addressed. Gastritis that is caused by H. pylori should be treated with antibiotics. Vitamin B12 shots are given to patients with gastritis due to pernicious anemia. Eliminating hot and spicy foods, lactose, gluten and avoiding caffeinated drinks can help reduce the inflammation in patients who have gastritis due to other chronic conditions or an autoimmune disorder.

Patients who have the symptoms of gastritis should contact a gastroenterologist in Brooklyn as soon as possible for help in getting relief from their symptoms and treating the conditions that are causing the inflammation to occur.

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