Heart Attack Causes and Treatments

Heart attacks represent a major coronary event where the heart muscle is unable to properly pump blood through the cardiovascular system. This strains the muscles and degrades the heart’s ability to continue working properly.

The Heart Foundation reports that one 720,000 people in the United States experience a heart attack each year. 515,000 of these cases are first-time heart attacks while less than half that number are repeat attacks.

Unless a heart attack is promptly treated with follow-up treatment from places like clinics in Brooklyn, this could represent the irreversible progression of cardiovascular disease.

What Causes a Heart Attack?

The majority of heart attacks are the result of blockages in the cardiovascular system. Plaque accumulates on the arterial walls, which in turn results in these passageways becoming increasingly narrower.

They become so narrow that the body forms a clot that blocks the artery. Blood is unable to circulate, which in turn is what causes the heart muscle to experience a heart attack.

What Happens During a Heart Attack?

When a heart attack occurs, the primary effect is the fact that blood flows through the body at a severely decreased rate. This will eventually lead to heart failure or ventricular fibrillation when left untreated.

The secondary effects revolve around this primary one.

The parts of your body relying upon your circulatory system for oxygen will begin to undergo deprivation. This is why you may feel light-headed and notice that your veins appear blue.

You will likely experience a large amount of sweating. This is the “fight or flight” response of your body kicking into action. Your body is metabolizing energy stores at an accelerated rate in hopes you will seek treatment from a place like one of the clinics in Brooklyn.

The last major secondary effect is the presence of pain. This pain will travel from your heart and radiate outwards. You may feel it in your left arm, in your jaw, in your back or in your leg.

How Are Heart Attacks Treated?

The first step in treating a heart attack is to restore circulatory function. Vasodilators such as nitroglycerine, which expand the blood vessels, can help restore the body’s ability to perform this task. Beta-adrenergic blockers can calm the heart. Anti-clotting agents may be used to reduce the risk of repeated heart attacks.

The next step is to begin treating the conditions that led to the heart attack in the first place. Anti-clotting agents are usually prescribed for the aforementioned reason.

Angioplasty may be utilized to reduce the plaque that has accumulated within blood vessels. Stents, which are artificial structures designed to force vessels open, may be implanted in blood vessels to ensure that they remain open.

Coronary bypass surgery may seek to use transplanted blood vessels to route blood around blockages. The condition of the cardiovascular system will often dictate how viable this procedure is.

The last step is to make healthy changes in diet and exercise designed to reduce the risk of heart disease. Aerobic exercise, smoking cessation, and alcohol or drug recovery programs may be used in conjunction with medications to reduce the risk of repeated cardiovascular events.

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